Coronaviruses are a wide family of viruses, some have the ability to be transmitted from animals to people. They produce clinical situations ranging from the common cold to more serious illnesses, such as the coronavirus that caused severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV) and the coronavirus that caused the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV).
The new coronavirus is called SARS-CoV2, the disease is called Corona Virus Disease 2019=COVID19
It is a new type of coronavirus that can affect people and was first detected in December 2019 in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, China. There are still many issues that are unknown in relation to the disease it produces: COVID-19
¿What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and fatigue. Other less common symptoms that affect some patients include aches and pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea, loss of taste or smell, and skin rashes or color changes on the fingers or toes. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some of the infected people have only very mild symptoms.
Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without the need for hospital treatment. About 1 in 5 people who contract COVID-19 end up with severe illness and experience breathing difficulties. Older people and those with previous medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart or lung problems, diabetes, or cancer are more likely to have severe conditions. However, anyone can get COVID-19 and become seriously ill. People of any age who have a fever or cough and who are short of breath, have chest pain or tightness, or have difficulty speaking or moving should seek medical attention immediately. If possible, it is recommended to first call the healthcare professional or medical center so that they can refer the patient to the appropriate healthcare facility.
If you have mild symptoms, such as a mild cough or fever, you usually don't need to seek medical attention.
¿How is COVID-19 spread?
A person can get COVID-19 from contact with another who is infected with the virus. The disease is spread mainly from person to person through droplets that are thrown out from the nose or mouth of an infected person by coughing, sneezing or talking. These droplets are relatively heavy, do not go very far, and fall quickly to the ground. A person can get COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person infected with the virus. That is why it is important to stay at least one meter away from others. These droplets can land on objects and surfaces around the person, such as tables, knobs, and railings, so other people can get infected if they touch those objects or surfaces and then touch their eyes, nose, or mouth. This is why it is important to wash your hands frequently with soap and water or an alcohol-based disinfectant.
OMS is studying ongoing research on the ways in which COVID-19 is spreading and will continue to report on the findings as they emerge.
What should I do if I have symptoms of COVID-19 and when should I seek medical attention?
If you have mild symptoms, such as a mild cough or fever, you usually don't need to seek medical attention. Stay home, isolate yourself, and monitor your symptoms. Follow the national guidelines on self-isolation. However, if you live in an area with malaria or dengue, it is important not to ignore the fever. Seek medical help. When you go to the health center, wear a mask if possible, stay at least one meter away from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. If the patient is a child, help him follow this advice.
Seek immediate medical attention if you have trouble breathing or feel chest pain or pressure. If possible, call your healthcare provider in advance so they can direct you to the right healthcare facility.